What Does It Mean If Your Viral Load Is Less Than 20?

What is a normal viral load?

The results of a viral load test are described as the number of copies of HIV RNA in a millilitre of blood.

But your doctor will normally just talk about your viral load as a number.

For example, a viral load of 10,000 would be considered low; 100,000 would be considered high..

How fast does viral load decrease?

Antiretroviral therapy keeps HIV from making copies of itself. When a person living with HIV begins an antiretroviral treatment regimen, their viral load drops. For almost everyone who starts taking their HIV medication daily as prescribed, viral load will drop to an undetectable level in six months or less.

What are the symptoms of low cd4 count?

The researchers found that mortality was independently associated with older age, a lower CD4 count, lower albumin (an indication of inflammation, shock or malnutrition), lower hemoglobin (a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen throughout the body), weaker grip strength, moderate to severe weight loss, …

Can I test negative if my viral load is undetectable?

Regular monitoring of HIV viral load determines when ART is working well. But it is critical to remember that “undetectable” (or “target not detected”) does not mean HIV-negative although it may mean “untransmittable” (U=U).

What does it mean when your viral load is less than 20?

A viral load that can’t be detected — less than 20 copies — is always the goal of HIV treatment. This doesn’t mean you’re cured. Unfortunately, the virus is still able to survive in various cells in the body. But maintaining an undetectable viral load is compatible with a normal, or near-normal life span.

What will happen if I skip my ARV for 2 days?

Missing doses of HIV medicines can reduce their usefulness and increase the possibility of developing drug resistance, which makes certain HIV drugs lose their effectiveness. If you realize you have missed a dose, go ahead and take the medication as soon as you can, then take the next dose at your usual scheduled time.

How long does ARVs stay in your body?

ARV drugs keep HIV under control, but they don’t stay in your body for a long time, so you have to keep topping them up. If you stop taking your HIV drugs, then your viral load will go up. This means HIV can damage your immune system, and that you are more likely to pass HIV on.

How can I increase my cd4 naturally?

Eat foods high in these vitamins and minerals, which can help boost your immune system:Vitamin A and beta-carotene: dark green, yellow, orange, or red vegetables and fruit; liver; whole eggs; milk.B vitamins: meat, fish, chicken, grains, nuts, white beans, avocados, broccoli, and green leafy vegetables.More items…•

Can I take ARV on empty stomach?

May be taken with or without food, although taking with food may reduce nausea.

What does it mean when your viral load is low?

A low viral load means a person is less likely to transmit HIV. But it’s important to note that the viral load test only measures the amount of HIV that’s in the blood. An undetectable viral load doesn’t mean HIV isn’t present in the body.

What can I eat to decrease my viral load?

Good protein sources include lean meats, poultry, fish, low-fat dairy foods, eggs, beans and lentils. Include a variety of vitamin and mineral rich foods. Fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low-fat dairy and lean protein choices contain vitamins and minerals that help the body function.

Can stress cause viral load to increase?

Stress and HIV Studies have shown that chronic stress, traumatic events, and depression can all lead to an increased viral load and decreased CD4 counts, and therefore, accelerate HIV disease progression.

Can someone taking ARVs test negative?

Studies have shown that people are virally suppressed when treatment has reduced the amount of HIV in their bodies to such low levels that most viral load testing can’t detect it. Although ARVs cannot cure someone from HIV, the medication, if taken as prescribed, suppresses the replication of the virus.

How long can a person survive on ARVs?

Life expectancy is different for every person living with stage 3 HIV. Some people may die within months of this diagnosis, but the majority can live fairly healthy lives with regular antiretroviral therapy.

What is the cd4 count for a healthy person?

A normal CD4 count is from 500 to 1,400 cells per cubic millimeter of blood. CD4 counts decrease over time in persons who are not receiving ART. At levels below 200 cells per cubic millimeter, patients become susceptible to a wide variety of OIs, many of which can be fatal.

How many times do you take ARVs a day?

Once-daily treatment trumped twice-daily treatment in terms of adherence. People taking once-daily treatment took their ARV doses properly 91 percent of the time, while people on twice-daily treatment took their doses as prescribed 80 percent of the time.