Quick Answer: What Part Of The Brain Is Damaged In A Coma?

What was the longest coma ever?

37 years and 111 daysOn Aug.

6, 1941, 6-year-old Elaine Esposito went to the hospital for a routine appendectomy.

She went under general anesthetic and never came out.

Dubbed the “sleeping beauty,” Esposito stayed in a coma for 37 years and 111 days before succumbing in 1978 — the longest-ever coma, according to Guinness World Records..

How do hospitals feed coma patients?

Nourishing the unconscious person requires bypassing the normal chewing and swallowing process, and at times avoiding the gastrointestinal tract altogether. A nasogastric tube bypasses mouth and esophagus to deliver liquid nutrition directly to the stomach.

What happens to the brain during a coma?

Someone who is in a coma is unconscious and will not respond to voices, other sounds, or any sort of activity going on nearby. The person is still alive, but the brain is functioning at its lowest stage of alertness. You can’t shake and wake up someone who is in a coma like you can someone who has just fallen asleep.

Can someone in a coma hear you?

Additionally a person in a coma fails to respond normally to painful stimuli, light, or sound; lacks a normal sleep-wake cycle and, does not initiate voluntary actions, being unable to consciously feel, speak, hear, or move. Someone in a coma will also have very reduced basic reflexes such as coughing and swallowing.

Why do coma patients cry?

A comatose patient may open his eyes, move and even cry while still remaining unconscious. His brain-stem reflexes are attached to a nonfunctioning cortex. Reflex without reflection. Many professionals speak of this condition as a ”persistent vegetative state.

What does being in a coma feel like?

A coma is similar to a dream-like state because the individual is alive but not conscious. A coma occurs when there is little to no brain activity. The patient is unable to respond to touch, sound, and other stimuli. It is also rare for someone in a coma to cough, sneeze, or communicate in any way.

How long is considered a coma?

Comas can last from several days to several weeks. In more severe cases a coma may last for over five weeks, while some have lasted as long as several years. After this time, some patients gradually come out of the coma, some progress to a vegetative state, and others die.

What’s the longest someone has been in a coma and woke up?

Their questions were answered on June 11, 2003, as, incredibly, Wallis awoke from his 19-year coma — making him the survivor of the longest coma on record, matched, in years, by only one other person.

Does your brain control everything?

Your brain is in charge of these things and a lot more. In fact, your brain is the boss of your body. It runs the show and controls just about everything you do, even when you’re asleep. … Your brain has many different parts that work together.

Can being in a coma cause brain damage?

Most people in a coma will have a total score of 8 or less. A lower score means someone may have experienced more severe brain damage and could be less likely to recover. In the short term, a person in a coma will normally be looked after in an intensive care unit (ICU).

How long can you be in a coma without brain damage?

There is no reliable way to accurately tell how long a coma will last, and there are currently no medications, which will reliably shorten the duration of a coma. A coma is usually said to last no longer than four weeks, but post-coma unresponsiveness may last from months to years.

What are the stages of a coma?

Three stages of coma DOC includes coma, the vegetative state (VS) and the minimally conscious state (MCS). These disorders (see sidebar at right for further information about each of these stages) are among the most misunderstood conditions in medicine.

What happens to the brain when unconscious?

“We found that during unconsciousness, disrupted connectivity in the brain and greater modularity are creating an environment that is inhospitable to the kind of efficient information transfer that is required for consciousness.”

What part of the brain keeps you awake?

When neurons in the arousal areas are active, the cortex remains activated and we stay awake. One area of the brain that promotes arousal is the tuberomammillary nucleus (TMN). Here, neurons release histamine as one of their neurotransmitters.

Can you feel pain in a coma?

People in a coma are completely unresponsive. They do not move, do not react to light or sound and cannot feel pain. Their eyes are closed. The brain responds to extreme trauma by effectively ‘shutting down’.

Which part of the brain is responsible for consciousness?

cerebrumThe cerebrum is the largest brain structure and part of the forebrain (or prosencephalon). Its prominent outer portion, the cerebral cortex, not only processes sensory and motor information but enables consciousness, our ability to consider ourselves and the outside world.

What is the chance of surviving a coma?

Within six hours of coma onset those patients who show eye opening have almost a one in five chance of achieving a good recovery whereas those who do not have a one in 10 chance. Those who show no motor response have a 3% chance of making a good recovery whereas those who show flexion have a better than 15% chance.

Does talking to someone in a coma help?

Patients in comas may benefit from the familiar voices of loved ones, which may help awaken the unconscious brain and speed recovery, according to research from Northwestern Medicine and Hines VA Hospital.